Traffic in China
2010/11/24
 

Railway

By the end of 2006, the operation mileage of railways in China had reached 77,083.8km, ranking the first in Asia.

In 2006, the passenger and cargo transport volume, transport revenue and main indicators in transportation of the railway in the whole country all set new historical high following large magnitude growth in three successive years. The passenger turnover, cargo transport volume, converted turnover and transport density all rank the first in the world, handling about one-fourth of the total converted turnover of world railways with 6% of the operation mileage of the world railways.

The railway system completed capital construction investment of 154.25 billion yuan during the whole year, up 75.2% than the previous year. This included 130.092 billion yuan from the Ministry of Railway, at 98.1% of the annual plan, up 75.0% than the previous year. The capital construction investment amount exceeded 150 billion yuan for the first time, 66.232 billion yuan more than that of 2005 (88.018 billion yuan), the previous highest in history.

There are 119 large-and-medium sized railway projects under construction by the state or in joint venture, with fulfilled investment of 150.72 billion yuan (34.285 billion yuan for double-track lines and expansion projects, 9.219 billion yuan for electrification, 11.099 billion yuan for junctures and passenger terminals, and 96.118 billion yuan for new railway lines), up 80.6% than the previous year. This included investment of 128.154 billion yuan completed by the Ministry of Railway, being 87.7% of the annual plan, up 79.4% than the previous year. Tracks were laid for 868.8km as new lines and 1,145.3km as double-track lines, and railways were put into operation for 1,490.9km as new lines and 816.4km as double-track lines. 3,921.2km of electrified railways were put into service, including 3,807.7km for electrification renovation on existing railways, being 1.5 times that of the "Tenth Five-year Plan" period.

Investment of local railways was fulfilled at 1.592 billion yuan, down 5.3% than the previous year. This included 70.5km as newly laid tracks and 156.7km as new lines put into operation.

Highway

The total volume of highways grew continuously. To obtain accurate and overall information of the highway network in the whole country, the Ministry of Communications organized a special survey of the rural highways in the whole country in 2005, and determined the statistic standard of rural highways on this basis. Since 2006, village roads have been incorporated in the statistic mileages of highways (for comparison on the same basis, the data of special survey and statistic standards are attached). By the end of 2006, the total mileage of highways in the whole country had reached 3,457,000km, 111,800km more over the end of previous year (on the same basis, the same for below). The network structure was further improved. In the total mileage of highways in the whole country, there were 133,400km of national highways, 239,600km of provincial highways, 506,500km of county roads, 987,600km of township roads, 58,000km of dedicated highways, and 1,532,000km of village roads.

The highway density in the whole country was 36.0km/100km2, 1.2km/100km2 more over the end of previous year. The total number of townships (towns) accessible via highway in the whole country accounted for 98.3% of the total, and the total number of established villages accessible via highway in the whole country accounted for 86.4% of the total. There were still 672 townships and towns and 89,975 established villages not accessible via highway.

By the end of 2006, the total mileage of rural highways in the whole country (including county, township and village roads) had reached 3,026,100km, 110,800km more over the end of previous year. There were 16 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities each with rural highway mileage exceeding 100,000km.

Waterway

By the end of 2006, the navigable mileage of inland river channels in the whole country had reached 123,400km. They included classified channels of 61,000km, accounting for 49.5% of the total mileage; channels of Class III and above of 8,687km, accounting for 7.0% of the total mileage; channels of Class V and above of 24,039km, accounting for 9.5% of the total mileage. The navigable mileage of inland river channels of different classes was: Class I channel of 1,407km、Class II channel of 2,538km、Class III channel of 4,742km、Class IV channel of 6,768km、Class V channel of 8,584km、Class VI channel of 18,407km, and Class VII channel of 18,589km. The inland river channels in the country included natural and canalized rivers of 64,526km, restricted channels of 36,156km, wide and shallow river channels of 6,130km, channels in mountainous torrential rivers of 4,311km, lake area channels of 3,462km and channels in reservoir area of 8,804km. In the whole country, there were four provinces in the country each with navigable mileage of inland river channels exceeding 10,000 km, respectively Jiangsu (24,347km), Guangdong (11,844km), Hunan (11,495km) and Sichuan (10,720km).

By the end of 2006, there had been a total of 4,142 junctures on the inland river channels in the whole country, including 2,339 with navigation functions. The navigation structures included 833 ship gates and 42 ship lifts.

By the end of 2006, there had been a total of 35,453 operating jetty berths, a net increase of 211 over the previous year. They included 1,203 berths of 10,000t Class and above, a net increase of 169 over the previous year.

The coastal harbors in the country had 4,511 operating berths, including 978 berths of 10,000t class and over; the inland river harbors had 30,942 operating berths, including 225 berths of 10,000t class and over. The 10,000t class inland river harbor berths were distributed along the trunk course of Yangtze River, the Beijing – Hangzhou Grand Canal and the Pearl River water system, respectively 216, 5 and 4.

Aviation

In 2007, the industry fulfilled a total cargo turnover of 36.53 billion t-km and passenger turnover of 27.917 billion person-km, with person times transport volume of 190 million, and cargo and mail turnover of 11.64 billion t-km, with cargo and mail transport volume of 4.019 million, a respective growth of 19.5%、17.8%、16.3%、23.5% and 15.0%.

Large aviation companies fulfilled a total turnover of 29.65 billion t-km, a growth of 13.7%, accounting for 81.2% of the whole industry, down 4.1 percentage points than the previous year; medium-sized aviation companies fulfilled a total turnover of 5.03 billion t-km, a growth of 28.4%, accounting for 13.8% of the whole industry, a growth of 1.0 percentage points over the previous year; and small aviation companies fulfilled a total turnover of 1.85 billion t-km, a growth of 216.9%, accounting for 5.1% of the whole industry, a growth of 3.2 percentage points over the previous year (note: as classified by number of passengers transported annually, those with over 10 million person times are large aviation companies, those with 5 to 10 million person times are medium-sized companies, and those with less than 5 million person times are small companies).

All airports in the country handled a total throughput of 388 million person times and 8.611 million tons of cargo and mails, growing respectively by 16.8% and 14.3%. There were 10 airports in the country each with annual person time throughput of 10 million. Among them, Beijing Capital International Airport had an annual person time throughput of 53.6117 million, ranking the 9th among all airports in the world (source: ACI website); the person time throughput of Xiaoshan of Hangzhou, Xianyang of Xi’an and Jiangbei of Chongqing respectively exceeded 10 million for the first time.

In 2007, about 4.43 million landings and takeoffs were guaranteed in the whole year, a growth of 16.5%.

Airlines Booking Offices in China

AIRLINES

TEL

ADD

AIR CHINA

Member Hotline:010-84597799,

4006-100-666

Beijing international post office PO BOX:100600-6606 PR China 100600

CHINA EASTERN AIRLINES

APT: 010-64565348

TOWN: 010-66024070/1

67, WANG FU JING DA JIE

TEL: 010-65133671/2

CHINA SOUTHERN AIRLINES (GROUP)

APT: 010-64564089

TOWN: 010-66017596

010-66024068

227, CHAO YANG MEN WAI

TEL: 010-65953623

CHINA SOUTHWEST AIRLINES

APT: 010-64562870

TOWN: 010-66017579

010-66024010

TEL: 010-66017755-

CHINA NORTHWEST AIRLINES

APT: 010-64562368

TOWN: 010-66017589

010-66017574

15, WEST CHANGAN JIE

TEL: 010-66017755-

CHINA NORTHERN AIRLINES

APT: 010-64562170

TOWN:010-66017594

010-66024078

15, WEST CHANGAN JIE

TEL: 010-66017755-

XIN JIANG AIRLINES

APT:010-64562803

TOWN:010-66024083

15, WEST CHANGAN JIE

TEL:010-66017755-

YUNNAN AIRLINES

APT:010-64591431

010-64563961

TOWN: 010-66039530

15, WEST CHANGAN JIE

TEL: 01066017755-

CHINA GENERAL AVIATION

APT: 010-64564138

TOWN:010-66024075

4/F XINYUANLI XI

TEL:010-64668115

CHINA NATIONAL AVIATION CORPORATION

TOWN:010-64635339 64635344

23,DONGDAJIE QIANMEN

TEL:010-65126678

010- 65124774

GREAT WALL AIRLINES

APT:010-64560697

TOWN:010-66039531

15, WEST CHANGAN JIE

TEL:010-66017755-

City Transport

Taxi: Taxis are a convenient means of transportation in various cities in China. Simply raise your hand, and a taxi appears in no time. But you'd better choose a taxi with a business permit, and before you disembark from a taxi ride, ask the driver for a receipt.

Subway: Subways are another convenient means of transportation for those traveling in downtown. So far subways are available in four Chinese cities: Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Tianjin.

Bicycle: There are bicycles for rent in some hotels in Beijing and some other tourist cities. Riding old-fashioned Pedi cabs for a tour of Beijing's hutongs and back alleys

(Note: Data for railway were taken from the briefs of railway of 2006 published by the Ministry of Railway; the data of highway and water way were taken from the annual report 2007 of the Ministry of Communications; and the data of civil aviation were taken from the development report of China civil aviation transport of CAAC (2007/2008))

City Transport

Taxi: Taxis are a convenient means of transportation in various cities in China. Simply raise your hand, and a taxi appears in no time. But you'd better choose a taxi with a business permit, and before you disembark from a taxi ride, ask the driver for a receipt.

Subway: Subways are another convenient means of transportation for those traveling in downtown. So far subways are available in four Chinese cities: Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Tianjin.

Bicycle: There are bicycles for rent in some hotels in Beijing and some other tourist cities. Riding old-fashioned Pedi cabs for a tour of Beijing's hutongs and back alleys

(Note: Data for railway were taken from the briefs of railway of 2006 published by the Ministry of Railway; the data of highway and water way were taken from the annual report 2007 of the Ministry of Communications; and the data of civil aviation were taken from the development report of China civil aviation transport of CAAC (2007/2008))

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